Published By: Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation
Published Year: 2020
The world has witnessed a huge economic shock due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the lockdown of all social activity followed by most countries. In India, the lockdown started across the States on 24 March 2020 and is still ongoing. While several studies have highlighted the plight of migrants due to the ongoing Covid-19 crisis, less is known about how low-income households living in rural areas are faring due to the crisis. The present report brings to light the impact of lockdown on the household economy of people from the lowest economic strata and the subsequent increase in the vulnerabilities of women and children.
The present report is based on the primary survey carried out over two phases – an online survey conducted with 53 NGOs working with children and spread across the country in phase-1 (27th April to 5th May 2020), and a household survey of 245 respondents drawn from rural areas of ve States of India, namely, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan in phase-2 (17th May to 24th May 2020). These states are the major sources for child labour and child trafficking for various forms of exploitation. The responses of NGOs were sought because of their close links at the grassroots level, the household survey was conducted to develop an in-depth understanding of the impact of lockdown on households from the lowest economic strata.
The survey has brought out some very interesting ndings, though not completely unanticipated, on the impact of lockdown on a range of issues, such as, trafficking, child labour, child marriage, and schooling of children; indebtedness, risk of bondage, income and savings of poor households in the rural areas, food security; and their plans to deal with the nancial crisis they are facing.
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